In 2021, round 1 in each 4.5 households (22.4%) had an grownup little one, up from round 1 in 5 (21.2%) in 2011.
The overall variety of grownup youngsters residing with their dad and mom elevated 14.7% in the identical interval from round 4.2 million within the 2011 Census to round 4.9 million in Census 2021.
On this article, the time period “grownup youngsters” is used to consult with everybody who is taken into account a “non-dependent little one”.
This time period refers to an individual aged over 18 years who resides with their mother or father(s) and doesn’t have a partner, accomplice or little one residing with them. It additionally contains anybody aged 16 to 18 years who just isn’t in full-time schooling and doesn’t have a partner, little one or accomplice residing with them.
The typical age of grownup youngsters has risen throughout England and Wales within the decade to 2021. Most individuals of their early 20s had been residing with their dad and mom by the point of Census 2021.
There are lots of components which will trigger an individual to reside with their dad and mom as an grownup. Adults had been extra more likely to reside with their dad and mom in areas the place housing is much less reasonably priced. Grownup youngsters had been additionally extra more likely to be unemployed, or offering unpaid care.
Male grownup youngsters outnumbered feminine grownup youngsters in 2021 at a ratio of about 3 to 2 (60.8% and 39.2%, respectively). It is a comparable cut up to 2011 (61.6% and 38.4%).
Regardless of Census 2021 being carried out through the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and related lockdowns, the rise in numbers of adults residing with their dad and mom seems to be a seamless pattern reasonably than a results of the pandemic.
Youngsters residing with their dad and mom at older ages
The typical (median) age of grownup youngsters residing with their dad and mom in England and Wales in 2021 was 24 years, one yr older than in 2011.
Grownup youngsters had been oldest in London, the place the typical age was 25 years. The median age in each different English area and that of Wales was 24 years.
This diverse at native authority stage. In 5 London boroughs grownup youngsters’s common age had risen to 26 years. These embrace the neighbouring boroughs of Harrow (up from 24 years), Ealing, Hammersmith and Fulham and Brent (all up from 25 years). Haringey additionally noticed the typical age of grownup youngsters rise to 26 years from 24 years. Selby, in Yorkshire and The Humber, had the bottom common age of all native authorities at 23 years. This was unchanged from 2011.
The variety of grownup youngsters at older ages rose within the decade between 2011 and 2021. Throughout England and Wales, the share of 20- to 24-year-olds residing with their dad and mom rose from 44.5% to only over half (51.2%). Equally, the share of 25- to 29-year-olds residing with their dad and mom rose from round one in 5 (20.1%) in 2011 to a couple of in 4 (26.7%).
The proportion of grownup youngsters rose at all ages above 19 years between 2011 and 2021
People in every age cohort labeled as grownup youngsters as a share of all common residents, England and Wales
Greater than 1 in 10 (11.6%) of these aged 30 to 34 years had been residing with their dad and mom in Census 2021, up from 8.6% a decade earlier.
On the similar time, the variety of grownup youngsters aged 16 to 18 years fell, as reported in our Folks’s residing preparations in England and Wales: Census 2021 article.
Whereas 15.6% of these aged 16 to 18 years had been grownup youngsters in 2011, solely 12.0% had been grownup youngsters in Census 2021. This decline was bigger in England, from 15.5% in 2011 to 11.9% in 2021, in contrast with that in Wales (16.9% to 14.3%).
The bigger decline could also be a results of the Schooling and Expertise Act 2008, which raised the age at which individuals should stay in schooling or coaching in England to 17 years in 2013 and to 18 years in 2015.
One in 4 London households had grownup youngsters within the dwelling
Multiple in 4 (26.8%) London households had at the very least one grownup little one within the dwelling, the most important proportion of any English area. The smallest quantity was within the South West at round one in 5 (19.3%) households. In Wales, 23.2% of households had at the very least one grownup little one.
Six of the ten native authorities with the very best proportion of households with grownup youngsters had been in London. The very best was in Brent, the place nearly one in three (32.4%) households had grownup youngsters residing with them.
Different areas the place households with grownup youngsters had been most typical embrace Leicester (30.4%), Knowsley (30.2%) and Birmingham (29.9%).
The bottom proportions had been in Rutland (16.4%), Cotswold (16.9%) and Rushcliffe (16.9%). Cities in England and Wales with among the lowest proportions of households with grownup youngsters embrace Cambridge (17.2%) and Winchester (17.3%).